In the field of web development, there are always new technologies emerging. Some of them will stick around while others fade away. However, there are some skills that you can learn right now that will never go out of style in web development. These skills include learning how to use a backend framework such as Django or Ruby on Rails, learning how to use frontend frameworks like React or VueJS, learning JavaScript design patterns like event emitters and observers, client-side security best practices such as using SSL certificates and CSRF tokens on all sites you build (not just eCommerce sites). In this blog post, I will focus mainly on these top 10 web development skills to learn in 2022 or foundational skills which should be learned by any aspiring developer before trying to start building their first website from scratch (and spending months working on it only for it not work at launch because they didn't know about these basics).


Top 10 web development skills to learn in 2022



Top 10 web development skills to learn in 2022
Top 10 web development skills to learn in 2022

1. Learning the basics

Learning how to code is one of the most important skills you can learn. It's also one of the most difficult, as it requires a lot of practice and patience. Learning HTML, CSS and JavaScript will give you a solid foundation for web development in general.

If you're looking for some resources that will help get started with your coding journey, here are some good places:

  • Code academy - A free online course that teaches basic programming concepts through problem-solving exercises (you don't need any prior knowledge).
  • Udacity - Another free online course that teaches foundational web development skills through video lectures (you don't need any prior knowledge).


2. Learning a backend framework

A backend framework is a collection of code and tools that help you build your application. There are many different types, but they each have certain commonalities:

  • They allow you to create web pages and add functionality to them.
  • They make it easy to use HTML, JavaScript and CSS to build an application.
  • They store data in databases such as MySQL or MongoDB.


3. Learning a frontend framework

There are several frameworks that you can learn to use in your web development career. Most of them are JavaScript libraries, which means you'll need to understand how they work and how they relate to the rest of your codebase.

The most popular frontend frameworks today include React, Angular and Vue. These frameworks allow developers to build single-page applications (SPAs) using HTML, CSS and JavaScript; however, each has its own unique set of features that make it easier or more complex than other solutions. For example:

  • React: This open-source framework uses a virtual DOM—a representation of what your page looks like as you interact with it—to create reusable components for each part of the UI (user interface). It also offers tools that can help improve performance by refactoring code when needed or inserting guard statements into certain areas so that errors don't throw exceptions during runtime; these features make it easy for beginners who don't know much about programming but still want something powerful enough for large projects


4. Debugging your code in the browser

Debugging your code in the browser is one of the most important skills to develop as a web developer. You'll be debugging your code all day long, so you must know how to do it well and efficiently.

There are several ways you can debug your code: using a browser's developer tools (like Web Inspector), using the console (like Error Console), or even just by opening up another tab and looking at the actual page source code directly!


5. JavaScript design patterns

Design patterns are reusable solutions to common problems. They help you write clean, maintainable code. There are many design patterns and the most common ones are creational, structural and behavioural patterns. Creational patterns are used when you need an object that creates another object (like a factory). Structural patterns provide ways of passing data as well as setting up relationships between objects/methods in your system (like abstraction). Behavioural patterns specify what should happen when certain conditions occur (e.g., a visitor requests information from a web page).

Designing programs using these techniques can make them easier for other developers to understand because they'll see how each part fits into its larger context within your application's functionality; this makes it easier for them not only because they know what comes next but also because they know why something was done before instead of just blindly following along without knowing why things were done this way rather than another!


6. Client-side security best practices

The best way to secure your web applications is to use HTTPS and a content security policy. A content security policy is a set of rules that tell browsers how to handle cross-origin requests (the requests made from one site to another). It's important because it helps prevent attacks like man-in-the-middle attacks and script injection, which can be used by attackers who have control over both sites involved in the transaction.

In addition to using HTTPS for all pages served by your application, you should also make sure that every page on each server has its own unique IP address so that an attacker cannot intercept traffic between servers or spoof any part of it. You can accomplish this by assigning unique IP addresses when servers start-up or after they're deployed; we recommend using WAF (web application firewall) software such as Cloud flare’s 1k1 Anti-DDoS service if you have more than three servers at once


7. Version control using git and GitHub

Github is a web-based Git repository hosting service and code version control system. It's used by programmers to store and share their code, as well as for collaboration on projects.

GitHub is one of the most popular tools for version control in existence today, with over 40 million users worldwide and over 3 million projects hosted on GitHub alone. If you're interested in learning more about Git or using it yourself, we recommend checking out our article "Git: A Simple Tutorial for Beginners".


8. Using the command line interface to speed up your work

There are a lot of command lines out there, but if you're new to them, it can be hard to figure out how they work and make the most of them. Luckily, some great resources can help get you started. You should try this tutorial on using the command line interface (CLI) in your browser: It will show you how easy it is for beginners like me!


9. Client-side performance optimization techniques

Client-side performance optimization techniques are a crucial part of any web developer's toolkit. Whether you're building an eCommerce site or an app, it's important to ensure that your users experience the best possible user experience on your site.

This can be done through simple things like increasing the size of text on images without reducing their quality; or by using CSS sprites and JavaScript libraries such as WebVR if you have access to them (for example, Chrome Canary). You'll also want to make sure that your pages load quickly so they don't frustrate users by bouncing back from them at high speeds while they wait for content loading timeouts.


10. How to get help when you are stuck or don't know what to do next

  • Search for answers online.
  • Ask a friend or colleague.
  • Ask a mentor.
  • Ask a teacher, if you are in school and have one who can give advice on how to solve problems like these (and I know some of you are).
  • Ask the community of experts in your field, such as Stack Overflow or Quora!

If you're just getting started, focus on learning how to build things.

The best way to learn web development is by building things. Start with the basics: HTML, CSS and JavaScript. These three technologies are the essential components of all websites. You'll need them to build your first website in 2022 because they're what make up most sites today (and will be even more important in 2022).

If you're just getting started, focus on learning how to build things rather than learning how to write code or interpret instructions from developers. That said, if you've got some programming experience under your belt then feel free to dive into more advanced topics like databases or server architecture—but don't worry too much about these until later!



If you're just getting started in web development, focus on learning how to build things. It's easy to get caught up in the minutiae of what framework or language to use for your project, but don't lose sight of the bigger picture: that building a website is about solving problems and creating value for users.